Dragon Fruit, (Hylocereus ssp.), is also known as Pitaya, Pithaya, or Strawberry Pear. It is the fruit from a cactus grown in Vietnam. Sometimes is also called by it’s spanish name, Pitahaya, or strawberry pear.
The dragon fruit originated in the areas of Southern Mexico, and Southern Belize. Now, it also grows in Guatemala, El Salvador, and Costa Rica. It is very common in Thai food and southeastern Asian cuisines.
The dragon fruit is round or oval in shape, and is covered with large, prominent scales over a thin rind. The fruit is only 10-20 oz in weight. When cut open, the beautiful red or fusia flesh is revealed. It is speckled with small, black seeds. Some varieties boast orange or yellow or white flesh.