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© 2016 by Chef Jennifer M. Denlinger.  All Rights Reserved

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A Chefs-giving Thanksgiving

Thanksgiving.  The most traditional of all family holidays. Thanksgiving has a different meaning for every family, and every family has a different tradition.  Since food is the center of tradition, here are some Chef Tips to make the day easier.

 

It takes professional Chefs and Culinarians weeks to plan and prepare a Thanksgiving meal in a restaurant- with a whole crew of people to make the task seem effortless.

 
Here’s some tips and tricks from The Florida Chef.

 

  1. Make a plan.  Homemade is always best- but compromise always works too!  Who can help you with bringing dishes, or showing up early to clean or decorate?

  2. Start Early.   

      Casseroles can be made a week or two in advance and frozen.  Pull from the freezer the day before and defrost at least 50% before       baking at 400°F until the internal temperature reaches 165°F as registered on a cook’s thermometer.

 

Turkey Tips

  1. Debone your Turkey BEFORE roasting it.   Yes.  Before.  Do it yourself or order a deboned turkey from your butcher. (see instructions below). Cooking a boneless turkey is beneficial in several ways.

  • ​Or ask your butcher to do it for you.  Not sure what the upcharge would be, but I would for sure order this in advance! Ask for a boneless- skin on Turkey Breast, Ballotine Legs and Thighs (boneless, skin on leg/thigh quarters), all bones, giblets, and the wings.

  • First, it gives you bones to make turkey stock.  Turkey stock is useful for dressing, gravy, and leftover turkey soup!

  • Boneless Turkeys take less room in the refrigerator

  • Boneless Turkeys cook in half the time

  • You can now safely have "stuffed turkey" because the cooking time is less

  • Carving a Turkey at the table is now a breeze!

  2. Brine your turkey for extra flavor, and to help retain the moisture the day before. (see recipe  below)

  3. Do not baste the turkey.  The continual opening of the oven door actually does more harm           than good.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* Wrap turkey well in waterproof material.  The temperature of the water should be 70°F  or cooler.  Beware of splashes of raw turkey water.

  • Do not under any circumstance leave a turkey on the counter to defrost.  It is dangerous.  

  • If not under running water, the temperature of the raw turkey needs to be 40°F or colder.

  • To prevent raw turkey from dripping in your fridge, place the turkey in a large pan or other container.  Place this into a large UNSCENTED garbage bag and seal tight.  You can also dedicate a clean cooler to this, as long as you monitor the temperature.

Deboning a Turkey
Brining a Turkey

This recipe yields approximately 10 cups of brine. This is enough for a deboned or quartered turkey.  

Multiply to have enough to completely cover the bird. A whole bird will need 2 or 3 times this recipe.

Can also be used for chicken.

Add spices as you desire!  Orange rinds are a real treat.

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3.  Make a cooking schedule. Plan on what temperatures are needed and for how long.  Vegetables and starches and casseroles       cooking temperatures can usually be compromised 25°F  in either direction.  Proteins and pastries/ desserts usually cannot.  What foods   can be served warm or at room temperature?

4.  Line your sheet pans with parchment paper or foil for easy clean up.  If possible, share pans. 

5.  If you choose to make your own pies and pie dough:  

     Pie dough can be made weeks in advance and frozen.  

     Either portion and wrap each portion tightly in plastic wrap and put into a freezer bag sealed tightly.  If you are making a one crust pie,      you can roll out the pie dough and freeze flat on a cookie sheet, or go ahead and put in pie plate, and freeze like that.  Anyway make        sure it is properly wrapped so there is no chance of the dough picking up odors.  Two crust fruit pies (such as apple) can be made completely and frozen unbaked. 

6.  Lots of fresh fruits and vegetables will help with the traditional Carb Overload.  Get them at your local market. Check out              Scott's Country Market. 

7.  Don’t worry when things do not go as planned.  By next year, no one will remember the maladies! 

  1. Brine can be made in advance.

  2. The brine must be 70°F or colder before pouring over turkey

  3. Add and adjust seasonings as you desire

  4. The entire bird must be covered by the brine.

  5. If you are brining pieces, put them into resealable plastic bags and suck any extra air out.  Put the bags into a larger pan in case they leak. If you are brining a whole bird, you may need to weigh down the bird to keep it submerged.

  6. The bird, when in the brine, must be 41°F  or lower.  If needed, you can brine in a cooler, using ice packs to keep the bird under 41°F.

  7. Discard the brine after you remove the bird. You can only use the brine once.

  8. Brining time:

            pieces or quarters-  24 hours maximum

            whole bird, uncut- 24-48 hours

   9. After you remove the turkey, make sure to remove any stuck-on pieces of herbs from the skin, and dry the bird with disposable paper          towels so it can brown in the oven.

  1. To have a self-basting turkey, rub some herb butter under the skin

 

Herb Butter for Turkey.

1 stick SOFT butter

1 tsp. salt

1 tsp. ground pepper

2 tbsp. chopped fresh herbs picked off their stems such as parsley, thyme, rosemary, sage, chives

- mix all ingredients together.

- keep soft at room temperature to use for turkey

- yields about 5 oz. of flavored butter, enough for an 18# turkey

  2.  Carefully lift up the skin and rub the butter underneath.  Any butter that was not used, but touched needs to be discarded, or cooked to a temperature of 165°F  or hotter.

  3.  Preheat the oven to 400°F .  

  4.  Make the stuffing.  Since there are no bones, and the mass of stuffing a boneless leg is small, it is a safe practice.  A basic stuffing recipe follows. 

  5.  Stuffing can be used to fill the cavities of the ballotines.  Bake any extra stuffing in a greased pan for 20 minutes until slightly crispy on the top.

Prepare the Turkey

Basic bread dressing with festive herbs and roasted garlic.  

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Stuffed legs with stuffing

Left:  Two boneless turkey breasts with herb butter on the skin

Right:  Two boneless turkey legs with butter under the skin and stuffed (seam down).

Make the Stock

Even if you decide not to debone your turkey, you can still get turkey or chicken bones from the butcher to make your own stock. This can be made well in advance and frozen in you want.

Make more stock than you think you'll need.

Besides gravy, there's also a need for stock in the stuffing.

Plus, there's the option of making turkey soup or turkey potpie with the left over.

Stock from scratch is easy to do and worth the effort.

This can be made well in advance and frozen until ready to use.  Sub out chicken bones if needed

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Turkey Gravy

The piece de resistance of the meal.  Homemade gravy can be done in advance and reheated for the meal.  

If you decide to roast the turkey whole, you can always get chicken or turkey bones from the butcher and make stock for the gravy.

Perfect Turkey Gravy.  Make sure to make lots so you can use it to make Turkey PotPies with the left overs!  

Easily made in advance and frozen if desired.  

If you don't have turkey stock, you can use chicken stock and add turkey drippings.

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Family Favorite Sides

Here are some idea for side dishes.  Remember, it is okay to ask guests to bring their favorite side dishes

No matter what we always serve some fresh fruits and vegetables with the meal, or a salad. 

Prepare in advance what you can.

The perfect Adult Beverage to wrap up the evening. Apple Cider with Devil's Whiskey.

If you didn't make your own Devil's Whiskey use any cinnamon whiskey.

A festive touch for Holiday Cheer

Pumpkin Pie in a glass.  With homemade Pumpkin Spice Syrup.

Beet pickled eggs.  Not a family party with out the alligator eggs.  Easily made in advance.

Or use your favorite jam!  

Perfect if the weather is a little cooler.  Easily made in advance and reheated.